Sussex History East Preston Schools Part I
This Article includes the "Swing Riots"
For a Graphic Depiction of Time Line showing Family Tree See:-
To manoeuvre your way about the chart in the above link try a left click of the mouse holding it down while you drag the curser towards the right-hand side of the screen - this will draw out the page and show more of the left-hand side of the chart in which you will find George Olliver 1799-1861. If you cast your eye under the time-line 1810 you will first see Frances Parker 1811. You will find George Olliver eight names below Frances. He is noted as Georges Olliver 1799-1861.
1841 CENSUS (limited information)
OLLIVER William 29, Ag Lab, Dappers Lane
Kate 20, Thomas, 12 months
OLLIVER Ann 67, Ind
OLLIVER Rose 30
Frances 35, Cordelia 25
1851 CENSUS George Olliver Lodger U 23 Groom b. Patching
Kate Olliver Head U 48 Grocer b. Angmering
Frances Olliver Sister U 44 Grocer b. Angmering
Ann Olliver Head W 77 Annuitant b. Northiam
William Olliver Head M 39 Agricultural Labourer b. Angmering
Kate Olliver Wife M 31 Charwoman b. Amberley
Thomas Olliver Son - 10 Scholar b. Angmering
Henry Olliver Son - 7 Scholar b. Brighton
Jane Olliver Dau - 5 Scholar b. Angmering
George Olliver Son - 2 b. Angmering
1861 CENSUS Frances Olliver Head U 54 Annuitant b. Angmering
William Olliver Head W 50 Agricultural Labourer b. Angmering
Thomas Olliver Son U 19 Agricultural Labourer b. Angmering
Henry Olliver Son U 17 Agricultural Labourer b. Brighton
George Olliver Son U 13 Agricultural Labourer b. Angmering
Fanny Olliver Dau U 9 Scholar b. Angmering
1871 CENSUS William Olliver Head M 63 Agricultural Labourer b. Angmering
George Olliver Son U 21 Agricultural Labourer b. Angmering
Henry Olliver Head M 26 Sailor b. Brighton
Jane Olliver Wife M 27 Dressmaker b. Horndean
Henry Olliver Son 2 b. Angmering
1881 CENSUS The 1881 Census shows that there were two Olliver brothers living in Angmering at that time, George (32), bricklayers' labourer, and Thomas Olliver (40), general labourer. Only a handful of Ollivers lived in nearby villages and the towns of Worthing and Littlehampton at that time.
No Ollivers in Angmering
The Grand national steeplechase was won in 1842, 43 & 53 by Tom Olliver. Olliver was born in Angmering sometime between 1800-1815 into a local family. Their original name was Oliver but Tom added an extra "l" to his surname in adulthood. He was nicknamed Black Tom due to his swarthy gypsy like complexion.
The Olliver/Oliver families were reasonably prolific locally in the 18th and 19th Centuries, being prosperous farmers or mill owners. The most famous local character in the 18th Century (and perhaps even today) was John Olliver (1709-1793), and considerable amounts have been written about him. John was an eccentric - he was also the Miller of Highdown Hill, a poet, rural philosopher, and a smuggler. Sails on his windmill we set to warn smugglers if the coast was clear. He kept his coffin under his bed and built his own tomb on Highdown some 30 years before he died. In lonely isolation, the tomb surrounded by railings still stands today. It is written that he had six grand-children but it is also written that he left the mill to two nephews provided they carried on milling. In the event, the windmill was pulled down in 1826.
Highdown Hill is about one and a half miles from the centre of Angmering village. The top of the hill is in Ferring, the east side in Goring, and the western slopes in Angmering.
Other Ollivers farmed or lived in the neighbouring villages of East Preston, Ferring and Rustington. One of the most infamous was farmer George Olliver of East Preston. He accused Edmund Bushby in 1831 of setting fire to one of his hay-ricks during the notorious Captain Swing riots. Bushby was hanged and the villagers of East Preston never forgave Olliver. Perhaps as an act of contrition, George Olliver built a school for East Preston